Ceramic for many centuries has been the most highly developed kind of trade in Central Asia. Slip and not slip ceramics of the leading centers had local features, appearing in peculiarity of forms, ornamental décor and colour. Traditional centers of ceramic, which remained till today, are: Rishtan, Gijduvan, KhivaSamarkand, Gurumsaray, Shakhrisabz, Urgut, Khorezm and Tashkent.
Uzbekistan ceramic art through many centuries was the most developed craft in this region. Ceramic masters made of clay various necessary potteries: cups, pialas, dishes, jugs. Then the pottery was painted and glazed.
The most outstanding schools of traditional ceramic art were Rishtan, Gijduvan, Khina, Samarkand, Gurumsay, Shakhrisabz, Urgut, Khorezm, Tashkent. Each school was distinguished for own style and features.
The most famous Uzbekistan ceramic articles are made in Rishtan. It is renowned for the blue glaze Ishkor. It is natural dye, produced from plant ash. Rishtan ceramics is mostly decorated with herbal elements as well as images of kumgans, birds, fishes, elements of architectural adornments.
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